El Greco

Who Was El Greco?

Greek painter El Greco whose real name was Domenikos Theotokopoulos, known as one of the most influential figures of the Spanish Renaissance. After leaving his birthplace of Crete in 1541, he relocated to Venice, Italy, where he studied under well-known Venetian school artists. He relocated to Toledo, Spain, at the age of 35, where he spent the remainder of his life creating the works that are most well-known. His creations during this era are regarded as Cubist forerunners.

El Greco Biography
Photo: artnews/celeblifegraphy

Early Life And Career

Spanish Painter El Greco was born on the island of Crete in 1541. He went to Venice when he was about 20 years old, where he studied under the well-known painter Titian, who was well-known for his use of color and brushstrokes. El Greco Artist produced his most well-known paintings and established his own style, which is defined by elongated forms and expressive color application, under Titian’s influence.

Moreover, El Greco is credited with inspiring Cubism and Expressionism with his paintings created when he was in Toledo. His unusual style was characterized by lengthy, twisted figures, frequently with religious motifs. Even while his style confused his peers, it contributed to his later-life notoriety.

Venice And Rome

El Greco learned the fundamentals of Renaissance painting from Titian during his formative years in Venice and Rome. After that, he relocated to Rome, where he struggled to succeed and was finally shunned by the city’s art elite.

Greco was unable to get royal sponsorship from King Philip II in Madrid as part of his search for recognition. He eventually achieved fame at Toledo, where he was hired to complete important pieces including “The Trinity,” “The Assumption of the Virgin,” and “The Disrobing of Christ.”

Finding a Foothold: Toledo, Spain

Greek Painter El Greco’s works in Toledo featured exaggerated and distorted figures that transcended the boundaries of reality. ‘The Burial of Count Orgaz,’ one of his most well-known pieces from this era, serves as an example of his spiritual imagination and mystical experience. ‘View of Toledo’ is also regarded as the earliest landscape painting in Spanish art history.

Later Years

Domenikos Theotokopoulos’s paintings had a profound effect on later artists, such as Pablo Picasso and the cubists that came after him. His abstract impressionism and German expressionism, as well as other art movements, were profoundly influenced by his twisted figures and brilliant colors. Outside of the painting medium, authors like Rainer Maria Rilke and Nikos Kazantzakis were influenced by the works of El Greco.


He wed Jerónima de las Cuevas, a Toledo native and the daughter of a local nobleman. They had a son together, Jorge Manuel Theotocopoulos, who was also a painter.


In spite of his influence on the art world, El Greco’s lifetime earnings were quite low. Before he was acknowledged as a master, 250 years passed. El Greco died on April 7, 1614, in Toledo, Spain.”

Interesting Facts

  • Article Title: El Greco Biography
  • Full Name: Doménikos Theotokópoulos
  • Birth Year: 1541
  • Birth City: Candia, Crete
  • Birth Country: Greece
  • Gender: Male
  • Grandchild: Gabriel Theotocopoulos
  • Children: Jorge Manuel Theotocópuli
  • Industries: Architecture, Art
  • Nationalities: Greek, Italian, Spanish
  • Death Year: 1614
  • Death Date: April 7, 1614
  • Death City: Toledo
  • Death Country: Spain
  • Author: Celeblifegrahy.com Editors

Famous Quotes By El Greco

  • I paint because the spirits whisper madly inside my head.
  • I suffer for my art and despise the witless moneyed scoundrels who praise it.
  • The language of art is celestial in origin and can only be understood by the chosen.