Dolores Huerta

Who Is Dolores Huerta?

Renowned labor leader and activist Dolores Huerta has devoted her life to combating prejudice and enhancing the social and economic circumstances for farm workers. She was one of the key figures in the 1960 founding of the Agricultural Workers Association (AWA) and co-founded the United Farm Workers (UFW). Huerta left the UFW in 1999, but she never gave up trying to make a difference in the lives of women, immigrants, and workers.

Dolores Huerta
Photo: talkeasypod/celeblifegraphy

Early Life

In Dawson, New Mexico, on April 10, 1930, Dolores Fernández gave birth to Dolores Huerta. She experienced the prejudice and mistreatment that many Mexican Americans and Mexicans confront, especially in the rural area of her childhood. She overcame these challenges to achieve academic excellence and participate actively in extracurricular activities, such as being a Girl Scout and winning a national essay competition.


After graduating from Stockton High School in 1947, Dolores underwent a range of life events, including marriage, childbirth, and divorce. She went back to school and earned a teaching degree from Stockton College since she wasn’t happy with her positions. She did, however, quit from her position as an elementary school teacher after seeing the subpar living circumstances of her students; many of them were the offspring of farm laborers.

In 1955, Fred Ross and Dolores Huerta founded the Community Services Organization (CSO) branch in Stockton because they were determined to change the world. The CSO sought to better the social and economic circumstances for farm laborer’s while putting an end to discrimination, segregation, and police violence. She wed another labor activist, Ventura Huerta, at this period, and the two went on to have five kids.

A Life of Activism

Activist And Labor Leader Dolores Huerta established the Agricultural Workers Association (AWA) in 1960 and started promoting the rights of migrant workers who are not citizens of the United States, such as pensions, public aid, and voting materials in Spanish. She met Cesar Chavez at this time, and the two of them went on to co-found the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) in 1962. Afterwards, in 1965, the NFWA and the Agricultural Workers Association merged to form the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFW).

Through talks and strikes with grape producers, Dolores Huerta and the UFW battled for the rights of agricultural workers. They secured unemployment and healthcare benefits for agricultural workers and significantly improved working conditions, including a decrease in the use of hazardous pesticides, after five arduous years.

Dolores Huerta remained an advocate for women, immigrants, and farm laborer’s throughout her life. In addition to organizing nationwide boycotts and influencing laws such as the 1975 Agricultural Labor Relations Act, she also had personal misfortunes, such as being severely beaten by San Francisco police officers in 1988 during a demonstration.

Personal Life

After her graduation from college in 1948, Huerta wed Ralph Head. Together, they had two daughters, Celeste and Lori. She married Ventura Huerta after divorcing Head, and the two had five children together. Afterwards, Huerta fell in love with César Chávez‘s brother, Richard Chavez. Despite never being married, Huerta and Chávez had four children together. On July 27, 2011, Richard Chávez passed away.


In 1993 she obtained the Ellis Island Medal of Freedom Award alongside getting herself into the National Women’s Hall of Fame finally making life at United Farm Workers end in 1999 when she received the Eleanor Roosevelt award the previous year.

She won the Puffin/Nation Prize for Creative Citizenship in 2002. Dolores was able to establish the Dolores Huerta Foundation, which aims to equip low-income communities with organizing and training skills, thanks to the $100,000 grant.

At the 2018 Academy Awards, Huerta strolled the red carpet with many A-list celebrities. She still gives lectures and advocates for social justice on a range of topics, including immigration, wealth injustice, and women’s and Latinos’ rights.

Later Life

In conclusion, Dolores Huerta has greatly impacted the lives of farm workers and marginalized communities as an activist and labor leader. Her willpower has remained strong while she protested for equal rights for immigrants or better wages among Latinos and females but also urged Congress to ensure fairness in income distribution.

Interesting Facts

  • Title: Dolores Huerta Biography
  • Full Name: Dolores Huerta
  • Birth Year: 1930
  • Birth Date: April 10, 1930
  • Birth State: New Mexico
  • Birth City: Dawson
  • Birth Country: United States
  • Known For: Co-Founder of the National Farmworkers Association
  • Parents: Alicia Chavez, Juan Fernandez
  • Occupation: Civil Rights Leader
  • Children: Camila Chavez, Alicia Huerta, Emilio Huerta, MORE
  • Awards: Glamour Lifetime Achievement Award, MORE
  • Grandchild: Ana Alicia Huerta
  • Education: San Joaquin Delta College
  • Gender: Female
  • Author: Editors


  • Every moment is an organizing opportunity, every person a potential activist, every minute a chance to change the world.
  • If people don’t vote, everything stays the same. You can protest until the sky turns yellow or the moon turns blue, and it’s not going to change anything if you don’t vote.
  • If you haven’t forgiven yourself something, how can you forgive others.
  • Racism and sexism, misogyny and homophobia, they’re so visible. They’re out in the open. When they’re visible, it’s a lot easier to deal with them.