Daniel Defoe Biography

Daniel Defoe English novelist, pamphleteer, and journalist is best known for his novels ‘Robinson Crusoe’.

Who Was Daniel Defoe?

Daniel Defoe was an English Writer, famous for his novel “Robinson Crusoe,” one of the earliest works of fiction in the English language. Defoe is credited as a pioneer of the novel and the founder of the English novel.

Daniel Defoe
Photo: biography/celeblifegrphy

Early Life And Education

Daniel Defoe was born on 1660 in Fore Street in the parish of St Giles Cripplegate, London. James Foe was a butcher from London who was his father. By the time he was around ten, his mother, Alice, had died. He completed his graduation from an academy at Newington Green, run by the Reverend Charles Morton.

Business Career

In 1683, he jumped into business. On January 1, 1684, married Mary Tuffley and the couple had seven children. Writer Daniel Defoe started his working life as a merchant, dealing in a variety of products, including general woolen, wine, goods, and hosiery. However, he struggled for money and was frequently in debt. He went bankrupt in 1692 and in 1703 made the decision to quit the business sector.

Writing Career

Novelist Defoe changed his intent and focus to political and social issues, expressing his opinions through pen writing on a variety of subjects. Over five hundred books, articles, poems, pamphlets, and journals on a wide range of subjects, including politics, crime, religion, marriage, and psychology, were written by this talented writer. He was a business as well as economic journalism pioneer.

Famous Works

Daniel Defoe published a lot of novels throughout his lifetime, the most well-known of which are Captain Singleton, Memoirs of a Cavalier, A Journal of the Plague Year, Colonel Jack, Moll Flanders, Roxana, and Robinson Crusoe. His writing style, realistic detail, vivid storytelling, and representation makes her novel excellent.

There were issues with journalist Daniel Defoe’s writing profession. “The Shortest Way with the Dissenters,” one of his best works, put him in conflict with the government and resulted in his imprisonment for seditious libel. This did not stop him from writing and publishing, though.

Death And Legacy

At the age of 70, Daniel Defoe passed away in London on April 24, 1731. He struggled entire life for money. He was not wealthy at the time of his death. He was laid to rest in Bunhill Fields, which lies just beyond the City of London’s medieval boundaries. Pamphleteer Defoe is remembered as a prominent figure in English literature today. One can examine and value his works based on their merits and historical background.

Interesting Facts

  • Article Title: Daniel Defoe Biography
  • Name: Daniel Defoe
  • Birth Year: 1660
  • Birth City: London
  • Gender: Male
  • Known For: Daniel Defoe is best known for his novels ‘Robinson Crusoe’ and ‘Moll Flanders.’
  • Children: Hannah Defoe, Henrietta Boston, Benjamin Norton Defoe, Sofia Defoe, Daniel Defoe
  • Parents: James Foe
  • Spouse: Mary Tuffley (m. 1684–1731)
  • Industries: “Fiction and Poetry” and “Journalism and Nonfiction”
  • Schools: Academy at Newington Green
  • Death City: London
  • Death Year: 1731
  • Death date: April 24, 1731
  • Author: Celeblifegraphy.com Editors

Daniel Defoe Famous Quotes

  • Justice is always violent to the party offending, for every man is innocent in his own eyes.
  • It is better to have a lion at the head of an army of sheep, than a sheep at the head of an army of lions.
  • The soul is placed in the body like a rough diamond, and must be polished, or the luster of it will never appear.
  • The best of men cannot suspend their fate: The good die early, and the bad die late.