Benjamin Banneker

Who Was Benjamin Banneker?

Benjamin Banneker (1731–1806) was a free African American astronomer, mathematician, surveyor, almanac author, and farmer. He learned most of mathematics and astronomy on his own. In the 1790s, scientist Banneker employed his expertise to produce a number of almanacs and assisted in the territory surveying process for the establishment of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. He urged Thomas Jefferson to guarantee racial equality in their correspondence.

Early Years

Benjamin Banneker was born on November 9, 1731, in Ellicott’s Mills, Maryland. He became an expert astronomer by himself, correctly predicting both solar and lunar eclipses. In addition, he built the family property’s irrigation system and managed his own farm for many years.


A wooden clock that Banneker constructed has been reliable for over 50 years. For six years in a row, he released almanacs containing literature, his own astrological computations, and fishing-related information. In addition, he helped with the territory surveying for the development of Washington, D.C.

Letter To Thomas Jefferson

In 1791, African American Astronomer Banneker urged Thomas Jefferson to end the widespread prejudice against African Americans in a letter. Banneker emphasized the irony of striving for freedom while holding people as slaves. In his letter to Banneker, Jefferson praised his abilities and convictions.

Personal Life

He never got married and never had kids.

Later Years And Death

Over the course of his life, Banneker kept up his scientific research. By 1797, he had stopped publishing his almanacs. October 9, 1806, Banneker passed away peacefully in his sleep, one month shy of his 75th birthday.


The life and accomplishments of Benjamin Banneker have been celebrated today. Numerous museums and educational institutions bear his name, and he is the subject of a stamp. His life story is on display at the Benjamin Banneker Historical Park and Museum in Maryland.

Interesting Facts

  • Title: Benjamin Banneker Biography
  • Full Name: Benjamin Banneker
  • Birth Year: 1931
  • Birth Date: November 9, 1731
  • Birth Place: Ellicott’s Mills, Maryland
  • Birth City: Maryland
  • Country: United States
  • Gender: Male
  • Parents: Mary Bannaky, Robert Bannaky
  • Siblings: Jemima Banneker, Molly Morten, Minta Black
  • Nationality: American
  • Industries: Science
  • Net Worth: between $1 Million – $5 Million
  • Death Date: October 9, 1806
  • Death Year: 1806
  • Astrological Sign: Scorpio
  • Author: Editors

Quotes By Benjamin Banneker

  • Evil communication corrupts good manners. I hope to live to hear that good communication corrects bad manners.
  • The color of the skin is in no way connected with strength of the mind or intellectual powers.
  • I am annoyed to find that the subject of my race is so much stressed. The work is either correct or it is not. In this case, I believe it to be perfect.
  • I have no influence with the rising generation. All my arguments have failed to induce them to set bounds to their wants.